Unit 13: Vocabulary

Please study the 20 vocabulary below and press the Mark Complete button to continue.
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allergy
a medical condition in which a person's body cannot tolerate a certain substance
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The chef had to prepare a special meal for the guest as he had an allergy to butter.
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assembly point
an arranged point at which people should meet if a building is evacuated
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The receptionist was in charge of making sure that all guests were present at the assembly point.
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bandage
a length of material which can be wrapped around a part of the body to either provide support of prevent bleeding
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When she fell over she hurt her ankle, so the doctor put a bandage on her ankle to support it.
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burn
an injury caused by touching a very hot object
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The best way to treat burns is to run cold water over the injury and then cover with a soft material.
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contagious
easily caught or passed from one person to another
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The room had to be sterilized after Mrs Jones checked out because it turned out that she was suffering from a contagious disease.
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CPR
an emergency procedure which forces the heart or lungs to work by pushing down on the chest
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After the lifeguard saved the little girl, he gave her CPR until the paramedics arrived.
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designated
chosen for a particular job or purpose
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In case of a fire, all guests should leave the hotel and meet at the designated area by the tennis courts.
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emergency exit
a way out of a building which can be used when other exits are not available
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When you check into a hotel, you should ask where the emergency exits are located.
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fire drill
a simulation of a fire in which alarms are tested and the building is evacuated
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The hotel carries out fire drills four times per year.
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first aid
the process of giving initial basic medical treatment
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All staff are trained in first aid, so if an accident happens they will know what to do.
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first aid kit
a box containing basic supplies equipment for treating minor injuries
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The first aid kit is kept at the reception desk.
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food poisoning
the illness resulting from eating food which contains harmful bacteria
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He was taken to the doctor with food poisoning after eating chicken which had not been stored correctly.
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heat stroke
a medical condition which occurs when a person is exposed to string sunlight for a long time and does not drink enough liquid
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Elderly people are more prone to heat stroke so they should sit in the shade instead of direct sunlight.
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hygiene
the practice of keeping things healthy and clean, usually connected to food and food preparation
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There are very strict hygiene laws which the hotel has to follow.
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inadequate
not enough or not sufficient
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The health and safety training offered by the hotel was inadequate and as a result the staff were not able to cope with the problem.
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plaster
a small piece of material which can be stuck to the skin to prevent bleeding, or to stop a cut from becoming infected
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Chefs usually use blue plasters because they are easier to see.
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prevention
the act of trying to avoid, or making sure that something doesn't happen
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There are a lot of procedures in place to help with the prevention of accidents.
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risk assessment
a survey of a building or area which shows all possible risks, and details what can be or is done to prevent these risks
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After the risk assessment, it was clear that the kitchen was the most dangerous part of the hotel.
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slip
sliding on a slippery surface resulting in injury; the act of sliding on a slippery surface
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She slipped on the wet floor and broke her leg.
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smoke detector
a small device which is usually mounted on the ceiling and sounds an alarm if there is any smoke near it
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Modern smoke detectors can send a signal to the local fire station when they sense smoke.
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